22 August, 2019

Change is not an option – it’s a necessity if we are to continue to thrive as an industry

29 April, 2015

With the introduction of the UK Motion Control Alliance (UK MCA), BFPA CEO Chris Buxton examines British businesses and what he sees as their resistance to change against a growing need to embrace it.

Brian Rymer, managing director at I.M.M. Hydraulics (UK), retires

02 April, 2015

At the age of 67 and over 50 years within the Hydraulics Industry, Brian Rymer retired from full time employment as the managing director of I.M.M. Hydraulics (UK) Ltd. at the end of January 2015. Work began for Brian in the industry in 1965 when at the age of 17 he joined Oswald Hydraulics Ltd., a company based in the West Midlands, where he began his apprenticeship in hose assembly manufacturing, and was eventually promoted to works manager.

‘Together we stand – Divided we fall’

02 April, 2015

BFPA CEO Chris Buxton emphasises the importance of representative and trade bodies working together in the best interests of their members and the wider UK Industry.

Government to crack down on late payment culture

06 March, 2015

BFPA CEO Chris Buxton reports on current steps being taken by UK Government to address the cultural malaise of late payment and the role being played by the BFPA.

The BFPA invests time in ensuring that our best students are not ‘lost’ to the non-technical disciplines

04 January, 2015
Regular readers of this column will know that the British Fluid Power Association (BFPA) is passionate about UK manufacturing and the wider engineering supply industry. An equally emotive topic is that of skills, or in some instances the shortage of them, in the fluid power sector. Indeed, this has been a regular theme in both this and many other industry journals over the past couple of years. However, no amount of skills training in the STEM arena is of any use if upon completion of their education, students choose to move out of the industry only to undertake a career in Law, Accountancy or one of the alternative non-technical career paths. This problem has long been recognised, and there are several initiatives that have emerged with the sole purpose of improving the image of engineering as a good and lucrative career for students at all levels. One such initiative is the Arkwright Trust. On its website the Trust states: “We identify, inspire and nurture future leaders in Engineering and technical (as opposed to aesthetic) Design. We do this by awarding Arkwright Engineering Scholarships, through a rigorous selection process, to high-calibre students in year 11 (England and Wales), S4 (Scotland), year 12 (Northern Ireland). Our Engineering Scholarships support students through their A Levels or Scottish Highers and encourage students to pursue Engineering or technical Design at university or through a higher-level apprenticeship and to take up careers in the field.” Every Scholarship is sponsored by industrial companies, universities, charitable trusts, trade associations, professional engineering institutions, the Armed Services, Worshipful Companies, industry regulators or personal donors. To this extent the Trust relies on the support of people and organisations with an interest in the future of engineering and technical design. The BFPA is very supportive of the Arkwright Trust and 2014 saw the Association sponsor three promising young students. The scholarships were awarded at a recent ceremony held at the Mermaid Conference Centre in London and hosted by the Sir Henry Royce Memorial Foundation. The BFPA’s CEO Chris Buxton said of the initiative: “We have to dispel the archaic view that engineering is somehow a secondary career choice after what is misleadingly termed, ‘the professions’. Young students of the right calibre starting out can now expect to earn significantly more than their counter parts in other areas such as law and some might argue that they will be embarking upon a much more interesting career! It will certainly deliver more to UK GDP.” Buxton continued: “Recently released figures from the Times Good University Guide show that six of the top ten highest earning subjects based on starting salaries are engineering disciplines.” Clearly there is still much work to do in dispelling the old school views on a career in engineering, but at least the BFPA is ‘doing its bit’ to address this challenge.

Disposal regeneration and recycling

25 November, 2014
The Coxmoor Publishing Company book titled ‘Hydraulic Fluids – A Practical Guide’, by Allan Barber, Nigel Battersby and David Phillips, and published in association with the BFPA, is a handy source of information on its subject. Below is an extract from the publication, looking at the theme of disposal regeneration and recycling. At some stage the user of hydraulic fluids will be faced with the need to either dispose of aged or contaminated fluid or to recondition (recycle) the product for further use. Disposal of used hydraulic fluids and their containers Increasingly, restrictions are being imposed on the disposal of all waste materials. Hydraulic fluids are no exception, and users have a ‘duty of care’ to dispose of used fluids correctly, pursuant to local regulations. Waste oils, including used hydraulic fluids, are designated as ‘special wastes’, and users are required by law to keep records of how and when they dispose of these materials. It should be noted that in the European Union, even when a contractor specialising in waste oil disposal is involved, the fluid user has a legal requirements to ensure that the waste fluid is disposed of in an appropriate manner. Many fluid suppliers also operate a fluid disposal service. Levels of oil and other materials being discharged into waste water may also be closely monitored by environmental agencies, and anyone discharging unauthorised materials (or even unauthorised materials beyond agreed limits) can be prosecuted and heavy fines imposed. Once collected, there are several acceptable ways to dispose of waste hydraulic fluids, the three main routes being: energy recovery, regeneration and recycling. Energy recovery In the UK the vast majority of waste industrial oil is burnt as fuel by industries such as power generation, road-stone coating and cement manufacturing. Most waste hydraulic fluid will therefore undergo some basic treatment to remove water and particulates, before being burnt as ‘recovered fuel oil’. Although mineral oil-based hydraulic fluids are not normally mixed with any other type of used hydraulic fluid, small volumes of other non-aqueous fluids (HEES and HFDR) can be co-disposed without a deleterious effect on energy recovery. Oil-in water (HFAE) and water-in-oil (HFB) emulsions are usually disposed of by splitting the emulsion with acid. The oil can then be burnt (or recycled), whilst, after neutralising, the water can be discharged into the sewer for processing. This would have to be in accordance with local regulations and is normally subject to a specific ‘trade waste’ agreement with the local water utility. Regeneration The key to successful regeneration (or recycling) is the careful segregation of each type of used fluid. For example, mixing with metalworking fluids such as cutting oils or coolants will render the used hydraulic fluid unfit for reclamation. Regeneration (otherwise known as laundering) involves the removal of water, particulate matter and acidic degradation products. The fluid is then returned to the user. Additive levels may be replenished after consultation with the fluid supplier. For users of large volumes of hydraulic fluids, on-site reconditioning is now a feasible option that saves the cost of transportation to off-site locations for processing. Recycling Recycling (also known as re-refining) involves the complete removal of the additives and contaminants. This subjects the used fluid to a range of chemical treatments to remove impurities, followed by distillation of the base oil from the additives. The preferred option for disposal of water glycol (HFC) fluids is to recover the base stock components. This involves filtering the used fluid to remove wear metals, sludge and other contaminants. The glycol and water are then separated by distillation; the glycol is recovered and the water recycled or disposed of. The small amount of polymer-based sludge that remains and the solid material from the filtration process should be disposed of through a specialised contractor. Most water glycol fluids are readily biodegradable and are therefore amenable to disposal through the waste water treatment plant. As stated earlier, this would have to be in agreement with the local utility. The fluid can be supplied to the waste water treatment plant either by tanker or through the sewer network. Heavy metals and other contaminants would have to be removed from the waste fluid (e.g., by filtration) prior to disposal. HFC fluids should never be discharged to a watercourse as this could cause a major pollution incident due to the high biological oxygen demand. This is also true for environmentally acceptable fluids (HETG, HEES and HEPG). Containers Medium - large containers, such as 200-litre drums or IBCs (intermediate bulk containers), should be emptied and returned to the supplier or a specialist reconditioner. It is important that the container still retains its original label or markings to identify the previous contents. To obtain a copy of ‘Hydraulic Fluids – A Practical Guide’, contact the BFPA on 01608 647900 or email: enquiries@bfpa.co.uk.

Adhering to hose good practice

10 November, 2014
Martin Kingsbury, membership director, the BFPA, outlines the Association’s range of hydraulic hose courses, and explains how they can improve your ability to install and maintain hose efficiently in order to keep plant and machinery productive, reliable and safe. From a maintenance perspective, hydraulic hoses need to function to the best of their ability, with minimum costly downtime. Using the right grade of hose is also important from a health & safety viewpoint. Although comparatively rare, any high-pressure hydraulic oil injection injury is a serious occurrence and can even prove life-threatening in some instances. With these issues in mind, the BFPA has established three complementary hose training courses aimed at raising the awareness of people who work with hydraulic hoses at all levels; from maintenance personnel, machine operators and field engineers, to system designers and hose manufacturers. Foundation Course in Working Safely with Hydraulic Hose and Connectors The BFPA’s ‘Foundation Course in Working Safely with Hydraulic Hose and Connectors’ is an accredited and certified course aimed at personnel who are involved in manufacturing and installation of hydraulic hose assemblies and connectors. The one-day course comprises a classroom-training period, followed by a practical session on the manufacture of a range of hose assemblies and pressure testing procedures. Hose Assembly Skills Training Programme The BFPA’s practical, workshop-based course titled ‘The BFPA Hose Assembly Skills Training Programme’ follows in logical succession to the Association’s Foundation Course. The Skills Course takes this basic level of knowledge and trains to a fully assessed level of ability in hose assembly techniques. This two-day course covers the various theoretical and practical elements involved in working with hose and connectors. During the course the candidate is trained to an assessed level of ability in working with hose and connectors. Hose Integrity, Inspection and Management Training Programme The BFPA recently introduced a new practical, workshop-based course titled ‘The BFPA Hose Integrity, Inspection and Management Training Programme’. Following in logical succession to the Association’s complementary ‘The BFPA Foundation Course in Working Safely with Hydraulic Hose and Connectors’ and ‘The BFPA Hose Assembly Skills Training Programme’, this course builds upon the knowledge already gained, extending it into management-related areas such as inspection, analysis, identification, registering and recording of hydraulic hose and related equipment. Key themes covered during the one-day course include: hose life expectancy; risk analysis; competence by way of a robust competence assurance system; identify, inspect & record; hose register – recording of a hose assembly prior to it going into service; and visual hose assembly (installation) inspection check list. Authorised training organisations Continuing the successful execution format of the Foundation and Skills courses, the BFPA is now in the process of franchising the Hose Integrity, Inspection and Management Training Programme to a number of experienced private training companies and institutions, as well as to independent freelance trainers. Trainees will then be able to attend the course at their own site location or at the trainer’s own premises. Some of the larger fluid power organisations have already assimilated both the Foundation and Skills courses within their own internal staff training regimes, and are looking to do the same with the new course. Book your place on these courses now by calling: 01608 647900, or emailing: enquiries@bfpa.co.uk. For all the relevant information on training, training dates, overviews of courses and more, visit the BFPA’s new website www.bfpatrainingacademy.co.uk.

It’s not all bad news on the ‘Skills-front’

25 September, 2014
By Chris Buxton, CEO, the BFPA. Britain is very much on the road to economic recovery. Almost universally across all sectors, BFPA members are reporting strong business pipelines with some sectors such as off-shore positively booming. However, servicing this steady increase in business is being hampered by a fundamental shortage of suitably skilled individuals with a good work-ethic. To stay ahead we must consider how best to harness the talents of our unemployed young people. The statistics are well known: • 80 per cent manufacturers are experiencing recruitment difficulties and two-thirds of those say this is because candidates lack technical skills. • 146,200 job vacancies (22 per cent) in 2013 were unfilled because of inadequate skills, compared with 91,400 (16 per cent) two years earlier (UKCES Survey). • 100,000 STEM graduates are needed a year just to maintain the status quo (The Royal Academy of Engineering). • In the UK some 23,000 engineers are graduating every year. (However, India is producing eight times as many; and China 20 times as many). • 830,000 graduate-level STEM experts and 450,000 technicians will be needed by 2020. There is also a human cost to this deficit: • Two-thirds of employers believe that their staff experience increased stress and anxiety as a result of skills shortages (67 per cent). • More than six in ten business leaders believe that a skills shortage results in losing work to competitors. • Employers are increasingly looking to the next generation to help fill the skills gaps that they are facing. However, research also shows that young people – particularly those who are currently unemployed – still face stigma and negative stereotyping from business leaders. • Almost three-quarters believe that the recruitment of young people is vital to avert a skills crisis and more than two-thirds believe that investing in better training for young people would help to fill skills gaps. • Employers are also facing difficulties with succession planning – six in ten admit they are struggling to recruit the leaders of tomorrow. Against this background it is all too easy to become demoralised and despondent. However, there is light at the end of this particular tunnel. Government have recognised the problem and there are numerous new initiatives to try and encourage young people into manufacturing and engineering careers but there is a limit that they can do and in this world it is becoming more and more apparent that “God helps those who help themselves”. One organisation that has helped to set the standard in this respect is JCB. A major end-user customer of many BFPA members. JCB has established the ‘JCB Academy; described by JCB as; an exciting new school for students from the age of 14 who are interested in business and engineering. Jim Wade the company’s principle states: “Our academy is the first of a brand new kind of school in the United Kingdom, focused on delivering high-quality engineering and business education.” JCB’s motto is 'Developing engineers and business leaders for the future' and the company’s aim is to ensure that its students have every chance to achieve success, whether they continue into further education, or move to further learning in the world of work when they leave the academy. In late July of this year the BFPA had the privilege of sponsoring two categories of award at the JCB Academy Awards evening and dinner. The chosen awards were: Student of the Year – Manufacturing Y13 won by Kieren O’Leary; and Achieving Through Action, won by Harry Skipper. Lord Sir Digby Jones presented the awards and also delivered a rousing and motivating key note address. It is this kind of initiative that gives hope to UK employers desperate to meet the demands placed upon them by strong business pipelines and an ever aging work-force. The BFPA is proud to have been associated with the JCB Academy event and wishes JCB and its students the very best of luck for the future. Additional notes The BFPA is also pleased to report that JCB is party to the BFPA Education & Training Task-force currently working to develop a modular educational framework for young entrants wishing to develop a career in the fluid power sector. The BFPA is also sponsoring three students through the Arkwright Trust – a scholarship trust set up to identify, inspire and nurture future leaders in engineering and technical (as opposed to aesthetic) design. This is done by awarding Arkwright Engineering Scholarships, through a rigorous selection process, to high-calibre students in year 11 in England and Wales, S4 in Scotland and year 12 in Northern Ireland.

Strategy Workshop seeks to increase the focus upon end-users

02 September, 2014
One of my favourite sayings is that ‘if you don’t know where you are going – any road will do’. In other words, any Trade Association ‘worth its salt’ has to grow and develop with the changes that inevitably take place in the sector that it represents. That is why, when I first arrived at the BFPA I immediately embarked upon a Strategic Planning exercise to establish a clearer future route for the Association and determine how we are going to best equip ourselves to meet our primary objective of helping members to realise real value from their membership in an ever changing and more challenging business environment. Another popular saying in the Trade Association world is ‘all for one and one for all’. In other words, a good trade association should be run ‘by the members for the members’. That is why, as an integral part of the Strategic planning process, we held a strategy workshop with your BFPA Board and the BFPDA Council to help account for the views and all important opinions of you; the members; in determining the direction in which we take what is your Association. The event was held at the UK’s Manufacturing Technology Centre at Ansty just south of Coventry on 4 July and was a great success. The team discussed and debated a number of key questions including a traditional SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) analysis and more in-depth analyses including an Ansoff growth matrix and an Open Forum to enable free exchange of ideas. The output was an invaluable collection of learning points and good ideas for helping the Association to both grow whilst reducing over dependency on membership subscriptions and bring even greater added value to the membership services. One of the more interesting issues to arise was the desire among member companies to engage more closely with what might be termed the ‘end-user’ community – i.e. their customers. Traditionally the focus of trade associations has been upon the members; the suppliers of equipment, product and services. However, by broadening our focus to include players further up the supply chain, the Association can meet both its traditional remit for the member companies but also some of the expectations of the end-user community. By acting as a broker for re-enforcing the links within the supply chain trade associations can be as valuable to the end-user market as they are already to companies further back down the supply chain. This could be manifest in the creation of a new end-user category of membership. Myself and the Executive Team will now take the data from the work-shop and over the rest of Summer, will embed it into the overall strategic plan which we hope to publish by mid-Autumn. I encourage interested parties to keep an eye on these developments. These are exciting times and there is much good news to follow. Chris Buxton – BFPA CEO.

BFPA Publications

20 June, 2014

Issue 10 of P56 Fluid Power – Engineer’s Data Book is now available. ISO/TC 199/JWG 1. ISO/IEC 17305 Safety of machinery - Safety-functions of control systems - Working draft under development based upon new work item proposal and questionnaire results - Development of a document presenting the work done by JWG1 (‘Outline document’).

Technical services update

20 June, 2014
Revised ‘Blue Book’ published – European Commission – Guide to the implementation of directives based upon the New Approach and the Global Approach. The following European Directives were published on 29 March 2014 in respect of New Legislative Framework (NLF) alignment directives. This creates a more coherent legislative framework for the marketing of products within the EU internal market providing improved traceability and clearer requirements on economic operators, greater accountability in the designation and consistency of performance between notified bodies and the alignment of conformity procedures and commonly used definitions within the conformity assessment process. OJ L96/45 dated 29 March 2014 – Directive 2014/29/EU – SPVD (Simple Pressure Vessels). OJ L96/309 dated 29 March 2014 – Directive 2014/34/EU – ATEX (Potentially explosive atmospheres). OJ L96/79 dated 29 March 2014 – Directive 214/30/EU – EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility). OJ L96/357 dated 29 March 2014 – Directive 2014/35/EU – LVD (Low Voltage).

Update from BFPA Statistics Service

20 June, 2014
According to the BFPA monthly surveys up to February, 2014 started very well for both hydraulics and pneumatics, with good levels of sales and orders being maintained into February (though the month was not as strong as January). The final monthly survey figures for 2013 have now been confirmed, with the hydraulic index indicating respondent’s UK shipments fell by around 3 per cent in 2013 (the mobile sector grew slightly but industrial fell), while respondents to the pneumatic survey recorded growth of around 2.5per cent for the year. The picture for distribution was a little different for hydraulics, with growth of around 5 per cent being recorded for respondents; pneumatics distribution grew by a similar amount to the pneumatic index respondents. Monthly output was up again in February 2014 as measured by the Office for National Statistics’ Index of Production figures for IOP 28 Manufacture of Machinery and Equipment, and IOP 29 Manufacture of Motor Vehicles and Trailers, suggesting UK engineering industries continued to be busy after a good January, and mirroring the increase in activity seen by BFPA and BFPDA members for hydraulics and pneumatics in the first two months of the year. Please contact Sarah Gardner at sarah@bfpa.co.uk if you have any queries about the BFPA/BFPDA statistics service.

AGM success

20 June, 2014
By popular demand, the BFPA & BFPDA’s AGM returned to the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) in London on 8 May. Chris Buxton, present for the first time at the association’s AGM in his role as the association’s CEO, hosted the event, which attracted over 30 member delegates. BFPA president Tony Kay, and BFPDA Council chair Chris Blevins, presented industry update reports, which were followed by two well-received guest presentations. Marie-Anne MacKenzie, deputy director of the Department for Business, innovation & Skills gave a talk on the topic of company law and better regulation. She was followed by Giles Miskin, managing director of The Colour Works, who gave an enlightening practical insight into the world of psychometric analysis, a popular method of determining an individual’s personality, skills and attributes, as well as how different personality types can learn to complement each other better in the working environment. In addition to general association business and accounting issues, the AGM provided an opportunity for members to raise questions on how the association is run.

News from the Technical Department

30 April, 2014
Published Standards: - BS ISO 3320:2013 Fluid power systems and components – Cylinder bores and piston road diameters and area ratios – Metric series - BS ISO 6358-1:2013 PFP – Determination of flow-rate characteristics of components using compressible fluids Part 1: General rules and test methods for steady-state flow - BS ISO 6358-2:2013 PFP – Determination of flow-rate characteristics of components using compressible fluids Part 2: Alternative test methods - BS ISO 19973-4:2014 PFP – Assessment of component reliability by testing Part 4: Pressure regulators E.U. Regulations - Blue Guide on the implementation of EU product rules – 2014 has been published. - BIS WEEE Regulations 2013 Government guidance Notes – March 2014 have been published. The publication of the Official Journal of the European Union (OJEU) of the New Legislative Framework Alignment Package, which includes both the new ATEX and SPVD Directives, took place on 29 March 2014 following the final approval by both EU co-legislators, European Parliament and Council.

BFPA and BFPDA AGMs – Thursday 8 May

30 April, 2014
By popular demand, the BFPA is returning to the IMechE in London. It has secured two highly relevant speakers for this year’s event; one from the Government’s Better Regulation Executive within BIS, and on a lighter but equally informative note, a psychometric analyst and leadership consultant who will be taking a view on our interaction with staff and colleagues in the workplace and in our everyday lives. The AGM is an opportunity to raise any questions on how the Association is run, and also enjoy the chance to network with friends and colleagues within the industry. BFPA CEO Chris Buxton and the BFPA team look forward to meeting you. Coffee and opportunities for pre-AGM networking are available to all attendees from 10am. The AGM officially commences at 11am.

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